Most of us have an understanding of the basics of how the piano works being a pianist. We understand the different patterns there, like the 3 black keys and the 2 black keys that are working to discover the white keys along with the notations and pedaling. But, the one thing that often strikes our mind is why are piano keys black and white?

The white keys principally represent the musical tones, while the black ones represent the intervals to half between these musical tones. The colored keys also aid the pianists in deciphering between the semitone and the natural pitches.

Being quite a fair question could be the reason behind why the colors were not selected. These black and white keys are a bit boring, right? So, it is important that you take a moment to imagine a piano keyboard that has nothing but white keys.

In this article, we will be learning a few basic histories of the piano with the varied styles of the black and white piano keys in them and a few tips and tricks in terms of learning in terms of memorizing the vocations of the keys permanently as well as easily.

How Many Keys Are on a Piano?

Did you ever go through the piano keyboard layout? In which way did we get the 88 key piano? Composers in the Baroque and the Renaissance periods had composed for the harpsichord before the piano. The harpsichord is mainly an instrument with 60 keys that relies mainly on the plectrum to strike these internal strings, opposed to the one on the contemporary pianos. So, how many notes on a piano? The limited range for the harpsichord of music was set to an even 5 octaves.

The next century witnessed Cristofori’s fortepiano that was developed. It expanded to a 7-octave keyboard by the mid-1800s, which is big enough to express the myriad range of emotions found in the music at that time. The manufacturer of piano Steinway has been debuting to the 88-key piano, with their model having been into standard use ever since. There are 7 octaves included in the 88 key pianos, along with 3 keys below the bottom C. The modern pianos have a piano keyboard layout with 36 black keys and 52 white keys with a single octave equal to the 5 black and 7 white keys.

Contemporary Styles

The standard 88-key range of the piano keyboard layout is where the contemporary composers mainly stick to, but there are a few exceptions. So, how many keys does a piano have? It is through Stuart and Sons in 2018, and the word record keyboard consists of 108 keys with 9 octaves. These are a few extra notes on the piano with an added deeper harmonic resonance to the rich sound of this instrument.

What Are Piano Keys Made of, And Why?

  • The layout of piano keys

In the body of every piano, there are several hundreds of independently operating parts there. So, how many keys are on the grand piano? The keys are raised above and are set back from these white keys since most of the modern pianos have about 88 black and white keys that are made out of the 52 longer keys that are white for the notes of the C major scale along with the 36 shorter black keys.

  • The color of piano keys

So, why are piano keys black and white? If every key on the piano were made out of the same color, they all would appear and look the same. It would therefore make it quite hard for folks to learn to play the piano.

The layout of the complete pattern is five black keys and seven white keys. The pianists are going to develop a feel for the geography of the notes by making these black keys thinner and shorter. This similar pattern is repeated a number of times as they depend on the size of the piano.

The black keys have flat and sharp notes, while the white ones play the natural notes.

  • Materials used for black keys

So, what are piano keys made of? Ivory is the main material that composed the piano keys, and since this has changed over the period, the trade of ivory has naturally been banned.

The pianos that were built about 300 years ago had keys constructed out of wood completely as ivory became their preferred material due to the better durability and quality.

  • The material used for black keys

They were mainly covered with the strips of ivory as the longer keys generally played a lot more than the shorter ones, and ivory was used since it is a hard-wearing material. The shorter keys were generally played quite less often. They were generally made out of dark wood, including spruce, basswood, black notes, along with the sugar pine.

The black and white piano keys were still being termed as ivories. The industry of the pianos got rid of the use of ivory as material for the construction of the keys since the 1970s.

Tips on How to Play Piano Without Looking

After establishing a few of the benefits of playing the piano without having to look at them as it is now time to understand how it is done, the method we are sharing today might be a bit off-beat, but you can learn the best way!

  • Feel The Keys

Try getting a better feel for the keys, as this is one of the best ways in which you can get to play without looking at your hands. You pretty much know where you are through the means of memorizing, where you can easily switch to a piano of any shape and size.

All you need is to close your eyes and make your hands flow on the white keys and push them on higher notes after understanding the role of the black keys on a piano. and check whether you can guess or not. You can feel the massive gap between the two as you are running your hands all across from group 2 of the black notes to group 3. It is an immediate indication that you are on the E and F.

  • The Finger Drop Method

The other way you can work on your accuracy and playing without having to look at it is by trying out the random notes. Try making a chart of a few notes and mix them in the flats and sharps. Check to see whether you can hit the note generally, irrespective of which octave you are trying the first time.

  • Always Know Where Middle C Is

The other step would be to check whether you can land your finger on any distinctive notes over the various octaves. We would like to begin from middle C and try having a firmer center from where you can work. If you are operating on establishing where the middle C is, then the black and white piano keys will all be clear to you.

  • Memorize Your Scales Without Looking

The scales are the things that you would like to play regularly to warm up, so it is a great way to get a feel of this piano. You need to think about how this feels to you as you are working on up and down, switching between your thumbs, and doing the crosses with fingers.

  • Sing The Tune

You can, for real, sing your way through this piece if you are able to lock your ear on the specific harmonies and the memories. There are times in which you need to get through a single measure to the next and, not importantly, staring at your hands down. You need not wish to get caught staring them down while it is finding to check out your hands periodically. The best way to get by is by singing through this music.

  • Close Your Eyes

The coolest way in which you can play your pianos without having a glance at them would be by closing your eyes simply and trying to play. We would like you to try it out a couple of times as it is quite awkward to check around at random things at times. Several times these pianists would be thinking about aiming at the thing quite specific, or the distinctive objects in the room would appear quite distracting.

  • Choreography Matters

There are several beginners out there where pianists would get caught up at the flashy end of the playing. There are places where you can simply enjoy yourself. Mainly these moves would be throwing your arms into the air while you are playing quite fast in the scale of descending chromatic effect!

  • Trust Yourself

About 99% of the time, people would be staring their hands down while playing the piano since they do not trust them. At times as they know deep down that they have not done enough practice as often, they are quite afraid of taking the risk here.

Performing on a piano is a risk that is worth taking!